The University of Oslo (UiO) has presented, for the first time, its greenhouse gas accounts. Launched in May this year, the report presents the climate accounts of UiO for 2018 with a total estimated of approximately 68 000 tonnes of Co2 equivalents (CO₂e). The contributions are divided between travel and transport, energy consumption, consumables and inventory, operations, services, building-related maintenance, and waste. The largest contribution to the university’s greenhouse gas emissions is from the category of travel and transport (with 21 200 tonnes CO₂e), followed by energy consumption (with 13 800 tonnes CO₂e) and consumables and inventory (with 10 400 tonnes CO₂e).
The climate accounts include the emissions in a life-cycle perspective, with both direct and indirect emissions. It can be used both to identify climate measures on the overall level and also to help to prioritize specific areas. The report is part of the ongoing process of Strategy 2030, a work effective from 2020 until 2030 and led by pro-rector Gro Bjørnerud Moe. For more information, please visit the UiO’s page for employees on Ongoing Projects. Strategy 2030 aims at answering questions such as:
What role should the University of Oslo take in the years to come? How should research and education be organised to meet the challenges in Norway and the world? Must the University work in new ways?
In order to reduce UiO’s climate footprint, the competition Rector’s Challenge 2019 currently invites students to submit ideas on how to cut emissions. The assessment criteria will take into consideration the possible effect, the degree of innovation, and the possibilities of sustainability and scaling. The application form can be filled here and the deadline for submissions is October 1, 2019. Prizes go up to 10 000 NOK, and the winners will be announced in December.
The conference theme of this year was “Operations adding value to society”, which aimed at extending manufacturing and services to the wider societal and community implications. It focused on the move beyond goods manufacturing to considerations such as of the supply chain, critical infrastructure, and circular economy. Among the keynotes who highlighted such concepts, an inspirational talk was given by Professor Jan Godsell from the University of Warwick. Papers at the conference addressed sustainability aspects in several tracks, such as “Humanitarian and Development” and “Sustainable supply chain management”.
Alice presented the paper entitled “Managing change in operations: The case of the wire stripping machine in Agbogbloshie, Ghana” in the section of “Change management”. In this paper, she applied the theory of constraints to the wire stripping process in Agbogbloshie. The presentation was well received with several comments from the audience, in which it was pointed out the importance of the topic and the many challenges involved in changing operations.
The abstract of the paper follows:
This paper investigates the cable processing in Agbogbloshie, Ghana, one of the best-known informal electronic waste management sites worldwide. Wire stripping machines have been installed on site, but are scarcely used. Instead, environmentally eroding and health hazard inducing, open-air burning continues in order to extract metals from the cables. To investigate the machines’ lack of use, the theory of constraints is applied to empirical data collected in Agbogbloshie in 2017. Financial, policy, and market are identified as the system’s constraints. The subsequent suggestions aim to increase the use of the machines, which would ultimately lead to environmental and socio-economic improvements.
Gan presented at the BCERC 2019 the paper INCUMBENTS AND STARTUPS: ON COLLISION COURSE, authored by him and Steffen Korsgaard.
The abstract of the paper follows:
Despite the promise of complementary resources between incumbents and startups when they enter into strategic alliances, many alliances often end prematurely. This study explores the occurrences of conflicts between incumbents and startups by drawing upon justice theory. We conducted 26 interviews with executives from incumbents, startups, and incubators on their past five doomed strategic alliances. Our findings show that the procedures for incumbents and startups to collaborate are not in place yet (procedural justice) and there is a lack of transparency behind the incumbents’ motives to engage with the startups (interactional justice). We explore the implications of our findings and propose how incumbents and startups can collaborate better in future alliances.
Matthew Good from DIGENT will be defending his dissertation for the degree of PhD on June 24, 2019.
Good will hold a trial lecture within the topic “System level theories of innovation: From Clusters and Innovation Systems to Entrepreneurial Ecosystems”. The trial lecture starts at 10h15, at Kristen Nygaards sal – 5370, Ole-Johan Dahls hus, Gaustadalléen 23B.
The defense is at 13h15 in the same place. His thesis, entitled “Technology Transfer Support at Universities: An Ecosystem Design Approach”, has been supervised by Professor Mirjam Knockaert (University of Gent) and by Associate Professor Birthe Soppe (University of Oslo).
A couple of weeks ago, PhD student Ivar Hukkelberg from DIGENT, participated at the XP 2019 conference on agile software development in Montreal, Canada. The conference focused on bringing together researchers, practitioners, coaches, and thought leaders to present and discuss their most recent research results and findings. This year, machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) started to make itself present as a topic of interest at the agile conference, and there were some interesting cases that discussed AI’s role in the agile software development field.
During the conference, Ivar presented the workshop paper “Exploring the challenges of integrating data science roles in agile autonomous teams”. The paper was written together with Marthe Berntzen, who is doing a PhD in coordination in large scale agile projects. Through interviews with data scientists, Ivar and Marthe used the data collected to describe different challenges when trying to integrate the data scientist role into autonomous teams. The presentation was well received, and it was pointed out that the topic was of high relevance these days.